The ongoing conflict between the government of Myanmar and the Rohingya people continues, as a unilateral ceasefire announced by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), has failed. The Myanmar government has announced they will not negotiate with terrorists. ARSA announced the ceasefire on humanitarian grounds, so that the situation can be assessed and a response formulated.
Over the last month, almost 300,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh from across the border of Rakhine state in Myanmar, with the last 2 weeks seeing 164,000. They attest to massive violence there, including the military burning the villages and indiscriminate executions and killings. While Myanmar estimates 432 militants have died, and 30 further civilians, other estimates, including the UN’s, range to more than 1000. More than 6600 Rohingya homes have been destroyed, as well as 201 non-Muslim houses.
These attacks were triggered as a reprisal to ARSA’s own August 25 attack on several police stations and an army base. This caused thousands of the stateless minority to flee across the border, putting pressure on many refugee camps that are already overtaxed by those who have fled previous conflicts.